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Sickle Cell Trait and Renal Function in Hispanics in the United States: the Northern Manhattan Study

Nicole D. Dueker, David Della-Morte, Tatjana Rundek, Ralph L. Sacco, Susan H. Blanton

Abstract


Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a common hematological disorder among individu­als of African descent in the United States; the disorder results in the production of abnormal hemoglobin. It is caused by homozygosity for a genetic mutation in HBB; rs334. While the presence of a single mutation (sickle cell trait, SCT) has long been considered a benign trait, recent research suggests that SCT is associated with renal dysfunction, including a decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in African Americans. It is currently unknown whether similar associations are observed in Hispanics. Therefore, our study aimed to determine if SCT is associated with mean eGFR and CKD in a sample of 340 Dominican Hispanics from the Northern Manhattan Study. Using regression analyses, we tested rs334 for association with eGFR and CKD, adjusting for age and sex. eGFR was estimated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equa­tion and CKD was defined as eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Within our sample, there were 16 individuals with SCT (SCT carriers). We found that SCT carriers had a mean eGFR that was 12.12 mL/min/1.73m2 lower than non-carriers (P=.002). Additionally, SCT carriers had 2.72 times higher odds of CKD compared with non-carriers (P=.09). Taken together, these novel results show that Hispanics with SCT, as found among African Americans with SCT, may also be at increased risk for kidney disease.

Ethn Dis. 2017; 27(1):11-14; doi:10.18865/ed.27.1.11.

 


Keywords


Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD); Hispanics; Sickle Cell Trait

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18865/ed.27.1.11

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ISSN: 1049-510X (print) | ISSN: 1945-0826 (online)
©2017 International Society on Hypertension in Blacks